Please see many of my research articles, available on

Seargeant, Philip, Hewings, Ann, & Stephen Pihlaja (eds.). (under contract) Routledge Handbook for English Language Studies. Abingdon: Routledge.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (forthcoming) Religious Talk Online: the evangelical discourse of Muslims, Christians, and atheists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richardson, Peter & Stephen Pihlaja. (forthcoming) Killing in the name: contemporary Evangelical Christian interpretations of the Jericho massacre. Postscripts.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2017) More than 50 shades of grey: Creative content and copyright on social networking sites. Applied Linguistics Review. 8/2-3:213-228. doi:10.1515/applirev-2016-1036

Pihlaja, Stephen. (ed.) (2017) Special Issue: Metaphor in Religion and Spirituality. Metaphor and the Social World 7/1: 1-4.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2017) 'When Noah built the ark...': metaphor and Biblical stories in Facebook preaching. Metaphor and the Social World 7/1: 88-105.

Allington, Daniel & Stephen Pihlaja. (2017) Special Issue Introduction: Interpretation in the Age of the Internet. Language & Literature 25/3: 201-210.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2016) ‘What about the wolves?’: The use of scripture in YouTube arguments. Language & Literature 25/3: 226-238.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2016) Expressing pleasure and avoiding engagement in online adult video comment sections. Language & Sexuality 5/1: 96-114.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2015) Analysing YouTube interaction: a discourse-centred approach. In Cheruvallil-Contractor, S. and Shakkour, S. (eds.) ‘Digital Methodologies in the Sociology of Religion’. London: Bloomsbury.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2014) 'Christians' and 'bad Christians': Categorization in atheist user talk on YouTube. Text & Talk 34/5: 623-639.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2014) Antagonism on YouTube: Metaphor in Online Discourse. London: Bloomsbury.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2013) Truck stops and fashion shows: A case study of the discursive construction of Evangelical Christian group identity on YouTube. In Herbert, D. and M. Gillespie. (eds.) 'Social Media and Religious Change' (pgs. 165–184). Berlin: De Gruyter.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2013) ‘It’s all red ink’: the interpretation of Biblical metaphor among Evangelical Christian YouTube users. Language and Literature 22/2: 103–117.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2011) Cops, popes, and garbage collectors: Metaphor and antagonism in an atheist/Christian YouTube video thread. Language@Internet, 8, article 1. Available online at: <>

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2011) ‘Are you religious or are you saved?’: Investigating membership categorisation in religious discussions on YouTube. Fieldwork in Religion 6/1: 27-46.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2010) The Pope of YouTube: Metaphor and Misunderstanding in Atheist-Christian YouTube Dialogue. The Journal of Inter-Religious Dialogue 3: 25–35. Available online at: <>

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2008) Caught in the middle: Grammar, textbooks, and the Japanese high school. The School House 16/3: 46–55. Available online at: <>

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2008) "Would you like to dance with me, Miwa?": Gender roles and the EFL text. The School House, 16/1: 2–11. Available online at:<>

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2007) Watch out! The corpus, verb usage and non-native teachers of English. Teachers Helping Teachers Proceedings 2007: 93–103. Available online at: <

Other Publications

Pihlaja, Stephen and Andreas Musloff (forthcoming) Language and Ideology. In Wolfram Bublitz & Christian Hoffman. Handbook of Pragmatics 11: Pragmatics of Social Media. DOI 10.1515/9783110431070-014

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2017). Categorization. In M. Allen (Ed.), The sage encyclopedia of communication research methods (Vol. 4, pp. 120-121). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications Ltd. doi: 10.4135/9781483381411.n50

Pihlaja, Stephen (6 December 2016) ‘How much faith does it take?’ Arguing for Creationism on Facebook. Science & Religion Exploring the Spectrum Blog. Available online at:

Pihlaja, Stephen (5 December 2016) There is still confusion about what constitutes sexual violence. Times Higher Education. Available online at:

Pihlaja, Stephen (2016) Atheism on YouTube for the last ten years. Nonreligion and Secularity Research Network Blog. Available online at:

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2015) Freedom to offend: When is Free Speech Hate Speech? The Revealer. Available online at:

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2014) The Development of 'Drama' in YouTube Discourse. In Page, R., Barton, D., Unger, J.W., and M. Zappavigna (eds.) 'Researching Language and Social Media: A Student Guide' (pg. 35-36). London: Routledge.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2011) YouTube and the Language of Dialogue. The Parliament of the World's Religions Blog. Available online at:

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2011) [Review of the book American Grace: How Religion Unites and Divides by Robert Putnam and David Campbell]. Youth and Policy 107: 116-117. Available online at: 

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2009) One's loss, another's gain: The challenges of translating “I” in Japanese academic texts. The Translation Journal 13/1. Available online at:

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2009) [Review of the book Finding Metaphor in Grammar and Usage by Gerard Steen]. Linguist List. Available online at:

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2008) Go your own way. The Language Teacher 32/12: 40–41.

Pihlaja, Stephen. (2008) Enhancing classroom experience through a class blog. The Language Teacher, 32/4: 17–18.
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